Registration, documentation, and auditing of stillbirths and neonatal deaths in Jordan from healthcare professionals’ perspectives: reality, challenges and suggestionsadmin
Authors: Yousef Khader , Nihaya Al-sheyab , Mohammad Alyahya and Anwar Batieha
Objective: The current study aimed to explore healthcare professionals’ (HCPs) perceptions towards the registration and reporting process of stillbirth and neonatal mortality and their causes. Another aim is to explore HCPs’ perceived importance of registering stillbirths and neonatal deaths as well as the perceived challenges and suggestions of building a new surveillance and auditing system to report stillbirths and neonatal deaths in Jordan
Methods: A descriptive qualitative approach using an in-depth focus group discussion was used. A total of 16 focus groups were conducted in four major representative hospitals that cover different geographical areas in Jordan. An average of five healthcare providers (HCPs) was interviewed in each focus group with a total of 80 HCPs. All recorded focus group interviews were transcribed in a full verbatim, which was checked for accuracy by the project team. The whole content thematic analysis process was conducted in its original Arabic language to conserve credibility of the findings. Healthcare providers’ perceptions were derived from the group discussions using a group-interview guide.
Results: Overall, the majority of HCPs across all hospitals agreed that it is important to document neonatal deaths and stillbirths in the hospital records mainly for statistical purposes. HCPs usually document neonatal deaths but not stillbirths. The causes of stillbirths and neonatal deaths are inaccurately recorded and not usually completed by the attending physician. Surprisingly, only neonates who live more than 4 h after delivery are registered as neonatal deaths but any neonate who dies before 4 h after delivery is not registered or registered as stillbirth. The majority of HCPs said that they were not aware of having neonatal death review committee in their hospitals. Importantly, the majority of HCPs in the four hospitals were enthusiastic about the development of a new surveillance system to register neonatal deaths and stillbirths in Jordan. Several suggestions were conveyed by the HCPs to better build, develop, implement, and sustain the proposed surveillance system.
Conclusion: Electronic health information system and centralized database for compiling audit, registering births and deaths, and assigning causes of deaths should be developed and implemented. Designing and implementing an electronic registry or surveillance system that adopts ICD-10 codes is expected not only improve the completeness and timeliness of registration but also results in accurate recording of the causes of deaths.